BME Bergmann

Bergmann Messgeräte Entwicklung KG

Linear ToF

The Linear-ToF is a small, low cost instrument offering high sensitivity at a reasonable mass resolution.

The principle of the linear time-of-flight mass spectrometer is shown below. Neutral analyte molecules pass the scimmer and the extraction volume of the mass spectrometer. The analyte molecules are ionized in the extraction volume and accelerated along the axis of the mass spectrometer. To compensate the initial transverse velocities, a ramp voltage is applied to the deflection plates. This ramp effectively puts the analyte ions on a path parallel to the axis of the mass spectrometer.

In case the laser beam ionizes some unwanted ions from the residual gas in the mass spectrometer, these ions will not reach the detector, because their initial velocity is essentially zero, yet they also are deflected by the voltage ramp applied to the deflection plates. Thus the unwanted ions are blocked by the sides of the aperture.


Mass resolution >500
Extraction volume 200mm³
Maximum energy of neutral particles 20eV
Ion drift energy 2keV
Maximum postacceleration 1keV
Length of equivalent flight path 80cm

Ion Source Optics:

  • gridless
  • patented gasflow restriction
  • patented orthogonal deflection unit


  • gridless
  • dual-MCP


Bandwidth 200MHz
Noise 30 micro Volts (RMS)
Input impedance 150 Ohm
Output signal ±1,5 V